The Brandenburg Gate was commissioned by King Friedrich William II of Prussia and built between 1788 and 1791 as a sign of peace. It is the only remaining gate which surrounded Berlin in the 18th century.
The gate is the monumental entry to the boulevard “Unter den Linden” on one side and on the other side the “Avenue 17.Juni” stretches to the Victory Column.
During the division of Berlin, the Brandenburg Gate was right at the border between East and West Berlin, just inside the Russian sector and could not be passed.
The Reichstag is the seat of the German Parliament. Besides the Brandenburg Gate, the Reichstag played a central role to momentous events in German history.
In 1999 the reconstruction based on the plans of British architect Sir Norman Foster were finished. Visitors can take one of the two elevators to the top of the building to a large viewing terrace, the dome and the mirror cylinder at the centre.
The Memorial is dedicated to the almost 6 million Jewish victims of the Nazi genocide of World War II, consisting of a field of steles (2711 concrete stones) and an underground exhibition.
On the 01.04.2003 construction begun based on the plans of the Peter Eisenmann and completed in May 2005.
Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church
The Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church was built between 1891 and 1895 in memory of the first German Emperor Wilhelm I in a neo-romanesque style. During the air raids in November 1943 a fire damaged the church and has thus becomen an anti-war memorial.
In March 1957 an adjacent modern church including an octagonal hall and a bell tower were built based on the plans of architect Egon Eiermann.